Management of Bone Disease and Body Composition Changes

  • Author: Donald P. Kotler, MD (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Eric S. Daar, MD
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 5/7/18 (What's New)


  • Many studies have documented an increased prevalence of both osteopenia and osteoporosis in HIV-infected individuals[Brown 2006]
  • Prevalence of osteopenia was evaluated in the SUN cohort, who were compared with non–HIV-infected matched controls enrolled in NHANES[Overton 2007]
    • Higher prevalence of lower BMD was found in the HIV-infected cohort compared with the NHANES cohort

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