Management of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in HIV-Infected Men and Women

  • Author: Jeanne Marrazzo, MD, MPH, FACP, FIDSA (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 2/8/18 (What's New)


  • PID refers to a spectrum of upper genital tract infections and may occur with or without overt symptoms
  • Symptomatic PID is manifested by combinations of endometritis, salpingitis, tubo-ovarian abscess, pelvic peritonitis, and perihepatitis[McCormack 1977; Paavonen 2008]
  • Causes include infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, possibly Mycoplasma genitalium, and vaginal anaerobes associated with bacterial vaginosis[Walker 2007]

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