Bacterial Infections

  • Author: Harjot K. Singh, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • S pneumoniae is the major cause of CAP[Mundy 1995; Mandell 2007]
  • CAP incidence has decreased with use of the pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine[Millar 2008]
  • In the pre-HAART era, rates of CAP and S pneumoniae bacteremia were increased in HIV-infected patients compared with uninfected persons[Wallace 1993; Schuchat 1991]

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