Management of Bone Disease and Body Composition Changes

  • Author: Donald P. Kotler, MD (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Eric S. Daar, MD
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 5/7/18 (What's New)


    • Evaluation for osteopenia requires a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scan, although there are limitations to this test
    • Guidelines from the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America recommend that baseline bone densitometry measurement be obtained in all HIV-infected postmenopausal women and men aged 50 years or older (Management Guidelines)[Aberg 2014]
    • Guidelines from an international expert panel (Osteo Renal Exchange Program) recommend (Management Guidelines)[Brown 2015a]:

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