Optimizing Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy

  • Author: Nancy Reynolds, PhD, RN, C-NP, FAAN (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/21/18 (What's New)


  • Adherence should be assessed as a routine component of care[EACS ART]
  • Adherence Rate
    • Adherence rate can be estimated by using a patient-completed scale,[Amico 2006; Giordano 2004] pill counts, monitoring pharmacy records, measuring drug levels, or asking the patient directly and nonjudgmentally (Management Guidelines)[Thompson 2012]
    • Clinician estimates of adherence are unreliable

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