Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Infections

  • Authors: Richard E. Chaisson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/30/17 (What's New)


  • Primary care providers should be aware that TB is the most common opportunistic disease occurring in patients with HIV infection and is linked to nearly one third of all AIDS-related deaths
    • Patients with HIV infection should be screened for active and latent TB at the time of diagnosis[DHHS Adult OI]
    • Patients with CD4+ cell counts > 350 cells/mm3 present most commonly with pulmonary TB and those with advanced disease may present atypically

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