Special Considerations in the Management of HIV-Infected Patients From Minority Communities

  • Authors: Bisola Ojikutu, MD, MPH; Valerie E. Stone, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/9/18 (What's New)


    Late Presentation and Failure to Engage in Care
    • Minorities are less likely to receive ART in a timely manner than whites
    • Mortality is higher among black patients despite receiving HIV care[Lemly 2009]
    • Late initiation and early discontinuation of ART are significant drivers of reduced survival among minorities[Losina 2009]
    Suboptimal Care and Poor Treatment Retention
      Social and Cultural Context of HIV in Minority Communities
        Population Heterogeneity
          Social Factors

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