Overview of HIV Prevention

  • Author: Sharon L. Hillier, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/20 (What's New)


  • Randomized controlled trials of the use of male condoms for prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases are lacking
  • Consistent and correct use of male condoms has been reported to be 87% effective for prevention of HIV across published studies, but efficacy could range from 60% to 95%[Davis 1999]
    • Effectiveness in real-life settings may be lower due to improper use and poor-quality condoms

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