Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 11/1/21 (What's New)


  • UNAIDS reports that in 2016, 78% of people in 11 countries with access to generic ART with the largest number of people receiving ART (South Africa, India, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Nigeria, Mozambique, Zambia United Republic of Tanzania, Malawi, Ethiopia) were receiving it[UNAIDS 2016]
  • “Combination prevention” approaches, incorporating biomedical prevention (eg, pre-exposure prophylaxis, circumcision), behavioral (eg, voluntary counseling and testing), and treatment strategies, are needed in these settings[Coates 2008]
  • Voluntary Counseling and Testing
    • VCT is effective in inducing behavior change among high-risk individuals[Denison 2008]
    Male Circumcision
      Management of Sexually Transmitted Infections
        Harm Reduction Interventions
          Interventions Targeted Toward Women
            Novel Prevention Strategies and Their Role in the Developing World

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