Primary Care for HIV-Infected Patients in Resource-Limited Settings

  • Authors: Charles van der Horst, MD; F. Parker Hudson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/18 (What's New)


  • Globally, an estimated 35 million people were HIV positive in 2013, the majority of whom live in sub-Saharan Africa[UNAIDS Fact Sheet 2014]
  • Transmission of HIV in Africa is primarily heterosexual, although vertical transmission and new infections among sex workers, men who have sex with men, and other key populations contribute significantly to the HIV epidemic in Africa[UNAIDS 2013a]
  • Global HIV prevalence is increasing, but incidence of new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths has declined due to the scale-up of HIV prevention, treatment, and support interventions, including improved access to ART[UNAIDS Fact Sheet 2014]

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