Special Considerations in the Management of HIV-Infected Patients From Minority Communities

  • Authors: Bisola Ojikutu, MD, MPH; Valerie E. Stone, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/9/18 (What's New)


  • Primary care providers should be aware of the racial/cultural disparities that occur in patients with HIV infection regarding incidence and outcomes
  • In 2016, blacks accounted for 44% of HIV diagnoses, although they comprise 12% of the US population.[CDC 2016] Black women accounted for 11% of all HIV diagnoses in the United States in 2015 and the majority (61%) of diagnoses among women overall. Latinos are also disproportionately affected. In 2015, Hispanics/Latinos accounted for approximately 25% of all new diagnoses of HIV in the United States, despite representing approximately 18% of the total US population.
  • MSM comprise 4% of population but 67% of new HIV infections[CDC 2014] and 15% may not be aware of their status

Action required