Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developed World

  • Author: Mauro Schechter, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • CDC recommend routine voluntary opt-out HIV screening for all persons aged 13-64 years and screening persons at high risk of HIV infection at least annually (Management Guidelines)[Branson 2006]
  • Opt-out HIV testing has been shown to increase testing and new HIV/AIDS name-based case reports and reduce time between diagnosis and linkage to care[Brown 2007; Castel 2014; Fenton 2007]
  • Late diagnosis has been associated with risk exposure other than MSM, older age, and nonwhite race[Buchacz 2012; Iwuji 2013]

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