Primary Care for HIV-Infected Patients in Resource-Limited Settings

  • Authors: Charles van der Horst, MD; F. Parker Hudson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/18 (What's New)


  • Initial assessment for HIV-infected patients should include confirmation of HIV diagnosis, assessment of HIV clinical stage, screening for readiness and indications to initiate ART, and diagnosis of comorbidities (Management Guidelines)[WHO ART]
  • Management decisions regarding ART were previously based on clinical staging; however (Table 2)[WHO ART]:
    • Current recommendations indicate that ART should be initiated in all adults living with HIV, regardless of WHO clinical stage and at any CD4+ cell count[WHO ART]

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