Management of Children With or Exposed to HIV

  • Authors: James A. McAuley, MD, MPH; Mariam Aziz, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/5/21 (What's New)


  • Infants diagnosed with HIV infection while receiving antiretroviral prophylaxis for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission should stop prophylactic therapy and initiate fully active combination ART (Management Guidelines)[DHHS Pediatric]
  • More than 20 antiretrovirals have FDA approval for use in children; more than 15 are available as liquids or chewable tablets (Table 2)
  • DHHS guidelines recommend 2 NRTIs plus either nevirapine or, if weight is ≥ 2 kg, raltegravir for children younger than 14 days[DHHS Pediatric]

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