Viral Infections

  • Author: Jin S. Suh, MD, FACP; Humberto R. Jimenez, PharmD, BCPS, AAHIVP (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/1/21 (What's New)

Summary

  • Susceptible patients with HIV should avoid exposure to persons with chickenpox or herpes zoster infection, and household contacts who are VZV susceptible should be vaccinated in order to prevent transmission
  • In the case of exposure to active varicella or herpes zoster, varicella zoster immune globulin should be administered as soon as possible and within 10 days (Table 4.)
  • The varicella virus vaccine is recommended for HIV-infected adults without immunity to VZV and with CD4+ cell counts ≥ 200 cells/mm³ and children 8 years of age and older who have a CD4+ cell percentage ≥ 15%. (Management Guidelines)[CDC OI]

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