Management of Renal Disease

  • Author: Mohamed G. Atta, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/14/17 (What's New)


  • HIVAN is the most aggressive renal disorder in this population and occurs almost exclusively in individuals of African descent[Atta 2010]
  • Definitive diagnosis of HIVAN is made by kidney biopsy[Waheed 2014]
  • HIVICK, comprising a range from postinfectious to lupus-like glomerulonephritis, does not have a strong racial predilection, and ART use is not associated with decreased odds[Foy 2013]

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