Special Considerations in the Management of HIV-Infected Adolescents

  • Author: Lisa Hightow-Weidman, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 11/4/21 (What's New)


  • Same-sex contact is the predominant risk factor for HIV transmission among male youths in the United States, whereas heterosexual transmission is the leading risk factor for female youths (Table 1)[CDC HIV Surveillance Adolescents]
  • Nearly 50% of HIV-infected adolescents aged 13-24 years may be unaware of their HIV status[AIDSVu]
  • CDC guidelines on HIV testing recommend that opt-out, voluntary HIV screening should be a routine part of clinical care for all patients aged 13-64 years in all healthcare settings (Management Guidelines)[Branson 2006

Action required