Primary Care of the Newly Diagnosed HIV-Infected Patient in Developed Countries

  • Author: Mary W. Montgomery, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/20/18 (What's New)


  • Patients with CD4+ cell counts < 200 cells/mm3 are at risk for OIs and require primary prophylaxis
  • Patients who have been treated for OIs often require secondary prophylaxis (Table)
  • Treatment guidelines state that primary and secondary prophylaxis can be discontinued in patients with successful immune reconstitution on ART, provided there is no evidence of active disease (Management Guidelines)[CDC OI]

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