Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Infections

  • Authors: Richard E. Chaisson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/30/17 (What's New)


  • Global incident TB cases among children (persons 14 years of age and younger) were estimated to be 1 million in 2015, with children now accounting for 10% of TB cases globally[WHO Global Report 2016]
    • At least 40,000 of these cases are predicted to be in HIV-infected children[Jenkins 2016]
  • In 2015, pediatric TB accounted for 4.6% of all TB cases in the United States[CDC Pediatric TB]

    Action required