Other Viruses That Affect the Liver

  • Authors: Lisa VanWagner, MD, MSc, FAST (More Info)
  • Editor In Chief: Stefan Zeuzem, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/18 (What's New)


  • VZV infection is usually diagnosed clinically by the presence of typical skin lesions
  • The preferred method of laboratory confirmation is direct antigen detection testing, preferably by immunofluorescence or immunoperoxidase staining for VZV-infected cells in a scraping of cells from the lesion base
  • Enzyme immunoassay, latex agglutination, indirect fluorescent antibody, and fluorescent antibody to membrane antigen assay are reliable in immunocompetent patients

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