Hepatitis B Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Natural History

  • Author: Marc G. Ghany, MD (More Info)
  • Editor In Chief: Stefan Zeuzem, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/2/18 (What's New)


  • Horizontal transmission refers to transmission of HBV from person to person, usually in the same age group
  • HBV-infected persons should be counseled on precautions they should take to prevent transmission (Table 3)[Terrault 2018]

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