Hepatitis B Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Natural History

  • Author: Marc G. Ghany, MD (More Info)
  • Editor In Chief: Stefan Zeuzem, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/2/18 (What's New)


  • Transmission of HBV in hospital settings may occur from patient to patient, patient to healthcare personnel via contaminated instruments or accidental needlestick, and, rarely, from healthcare personnel to patient[Thompson 2009]
  • Healthcare professionals are strongly advised to receive immunization against HBV

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