Virology and Immunology of Hepatitis Viruses

  • Authors: Esperance Anne Kreek Schaefer, MD, MPH; Raymond T. Chung, MD (More Info)
  • Editor In Chief: Stefan Zeuzem, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/10/18 (What's New)


  • HAV infection is shed in feces and acquired by the fecal-oral route
  • HAV leads to acute hepatitis but not chronic infection
    • Peak viremia and peak shedding precedes symptomatic hepatitis[Jacobsen 2010]

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