Renal Cell Carcinoma

  • Author: Brian Rini, MD, FACP (More Info)
  • Editor in Chief: Ramaswamy Govindan, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/26/18 (What's New)


  • Radical nephrectomy used for the management of large tumors (> 7 cm)
  • Radical extirpative surgery recommended for stage II and III tumors
  • Risk factors for RCC recurrence after surgery include tumor stage and grade, performance status, tumor necrosis, regional lymph node involvement, and occurrence of tumor-related symptoms[Kattan 2001; Leibovich 2003; Zisman 2001]

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